A farm is an area of land, including various structures, devoted primarily to the practice of producing and managing food (produce, grains, or livestock), fibers and, increasingly, fuel. It is the basic production facility in food production. Farms may be owned and operated by a single individual, family, community, corporation or a company. A farm can be a holding of any size from a fraction of a hectare to several thousand hectares. A hectare (symbol ha, pronounced /ˈhɛktɛər/) is a unit of area equal to 10,000 square metres (107,639 sq ft).
A business producing tree fruits or nuts is called orchard; a vineyard produces grapes. The stable is used for operations principally involved in the training of horses. Stud and commercial farms breed and produce other animals and livestock. A farm that is primarily used for the production of milk and dairy is a dairy farm. A market garden or truck farm is a farm that grows vegetables, but little or no grain. Additional specialty farms include fish farms, which raise fish in captivity as a food source, and tree farms, which grow trees for sale for transplant, lumber, or decorative use. A plantation is usually a large farm or estate, on which cotton, tobacco, coffee or sugar cane, are cultivated, usually by resident laborers.
In 1910 there were 6,406,000 farms and 10,174,000 family workers; In 2000 there were only 2,172,000 farms and 2,062,300 family workers.
This barnyard consists of a dexter steer (named Sir Loin), turkeys, ducks, sheep, goats, hogs, chickens, rabbits, horses, ponies, miniature horses, and two potbellied pigs. The animal caretakers are all volunteer staff who take great pride in the animals at the homestead and at least one is always on hand to answer questions about the animals and even tell some of the stories of how we acquired them. Our newest arrival is a three month pygmy goat named Mork (yes we also have a Mindy) and he just gets into everything and loves to play and hop around and dance on his hind legs.
See more farm-like recipes in the Country Recipes section.
Learn all about animal care.
Play some farm games on the Farm Fun page.
View more information about gardening in the Farming & You section.